Policy Press

Poverty and Prejudice

Religious Inequality and the Struggle for Sustainable Development

Edited by Mariz Tadros, Philip Mader and Kathryn Cheeseman


Sep 19, 2023

Page count

312 pages




234 x 156 mm


Bristol University Press


Sep 19, 2023

Page count

312 pages




234 x 156 mm


Bristol University Press
Poverty and Prejudice
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EPDF and EPUB available Open Access under CC-BY-NC-ND licence.

Freedom of religion and belief is crucial to any sustainable development process, yet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) pay little attention to religious inequalities.

This book offers a comprehensive overview of how efforts to achieve SDGs can be enhanced by paying greater attention to freedom of religion and belief. In particular, it illustrates how poverty is often a direct result of religious prejudice and how religious identity can shape a person’s job prospects, their children’s education and the quality of public services they receive. Drawing on evidence from Asia, the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa, the book foregrounds the lived experiences of marginalized communities as well as researchers and non-state actors.

“A very rich volume which documents the structural inequalities that religious minorities face globally; a rallying call for the centrality of the right to freedom of religion or belief for promoting the dignity of each human being and the care of our common planetary home.” Séverine Deneulin, University of Oxford

Mariz Tadros is Professorial Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex.

Philip Mader is Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex.

Kathryn Cheeseman is Senior Project Support Officer–CREID at the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex.

1. Confronting Poverty, Prejudice and Religious Inequality: Ensuring No One Is Left Behind – Mariz Tadros, Philip Mader and Kathryn Cheeseman

Part 1: Health and Wellbeing

2. The Intersection of Religion With the Health and Wellbeing SDG – Jill Olivier

3. How the Pandemic Impacted Religious Minorities in Iraq, and How Inclusive Journalism Helped – Salam Omer

4. Religion and Confidence in COVID-19 Vaccination: The Trust Deficit – Claire Thomas, Mayya Kelova and Albashir Mohamed

5. Religious Inequality and Health: Taking the Pulse Through a Global Review of the Literature – Ghazala Mir

6. Health and Wellbeing Alongside Belief Systems at the Patient Care Coalface: How Does Policy Fit in? – Somnath Mukhopadhyay and Haitham Abul-Eis

Part 2: Education

7. Religion, Religiosity and Educational Progress – Elizabeth M. King

8. Training Iraqi Teachers To Become Effective Promoters of FoRB Principles in Primary Education – Haidar Lapcha and Yusra Mahdi

9. Advancing Freedom of Religion or Belief Through Religiously Inclusive Education – Knox Thames

Part 3: Gender

10. Interrogating the Gender and Religious Equality Nexus – Mariz Tadros

11. Dire Conditions for Hazara Shia Pilgrims During COVID-19 Quarantine in Pakistan – Sadiqa Sultan

12. The ‘Messy’ World of Women and Religious Inequality – Kate Ward

13. Empty Chairs: FoRB’s Gender Problem – Andrea Mari and Kathryn Cheeseman

Part 4: Water and Sanitation

14. Freedom of Religion or Belief, and Access to Safe Water – Kate Bayliss

15. How Clean Drinking Water in Joseph Colony Addresses Religious Inequalities and SDGs – Ali Abbas Zaidi and Bariya Shah

16. Why Do Religious Minorities in Pakistan Receive Less Water? – Mary Gill and Asif Aqeel

17. Drinking Water, Sanitation and the Religion Paradox in India – Nitya Jacob

Part 5: Infrastructure and the Economy

18. How Digital Discrimination Affects Sustainable Development for Religious and Ethnic Minorities – Kevin Hernandez and Becky Faith

19. Poverty, Prejudice and Technology – Nighat Dad and Shmyla Khan

20. Beyond the Rhetoric of Freedom: Religious Inequity in Nigeria – Chris Kwaja

21. Religious Identity-Based Inequality in the Labour Market: Policy Challenges in India – Surbhi Kesar and Rosa Abraham

Part 6: Inequalities

22. Religious Inequality and Economic Opportunity: Implications for SDG10 – Simone Schotte

23. The Justice Gap: Religious Minorities, Discrimination and Accountability Challenges – Claire Thomas and Mary Gill

24. Disability and Religious Inequality Intertwined: Double Discrimination Against Deaf Jehovah’s Witnesses in Uzbekistan – Dilmurad Yusupov

25. What Is Distinctive About Religious Inequality? Challenges and Opportunities for Development Policy – Michael Woolcock

Part 7: Cities and Communities

26. Religious Inequalities, Inclusive Cities and Sustainable Development – Francesca Giliberto

27. ISIS Attack on the Divinely Protected City of Mosul: The Assault of Terrorism on Diversity and Peace – Omar Mohammed

28. Renaming Places in India: Conjuring the Present by Exorcising a Past – Rachna Mehra

29. Urban Development for Religious Equality: The Case of Youhanabad in Pakistan – Amen Jaffer

Part 8: Climate and Nature

30. Religious Inequality and Environmental Change – Shilpi Srivastava and Vinitha Bachina

31. Discrimination Against Minorities and Its Detrimental Effect on Biodiversity Conservation: Lessons From the Batwa ‘Pygmies’ Around Semuliki National Park, Western Uganda – Moses Muhumuza

32. A Wounded Landscape and the Right To Protest at the River Club Site – Rifqah Tifloen

33. Climate Justice for the Religiously Marginalised – Lyla Mehta

Part 9: Peace and Justice

34. The Significance of Freedom of Religion or Belief for Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions – W. Cole Durham Jr.

35. Recovering From the Trauma of Insurgency in Northern Nigeria – Maji Peterx

36. Religion, Caste and Marginality: Reflections on the Indian Criminal Justice and Prison System – Devangana Kalita

37. Key Blindspots in Thinking Around Peacebuilding Policy Makers and Practitioners Need To Address – Katharine Thane

Part 10: Partnership

38. Partnerships and Religious Inequality – Amro Hussain

39. The Need for Secular-Religious Engagement – Kishan Manocha

40. Co-Creation for Freedom of Religion or Belief – Mike Battcock

41. Promoting FoRB in Fragile Contexts: Emerging Lessons From CREID on Legitimacy – Mariz Tadros

42. Epilogue – Mariz Tadros, Philip Mader and Kathryn Cheeseman