Dr Ruth Lewis is Associate Professor in the Department of Social Sciences at Northumbria University. Her research focuses on feminist activism and gender-based violence (GBV). Recent work examines GBV in universities and activism about it, online abuse of feminists, feminism amongst women students, and women-only space as a political strategy. Earlier research examined legal responses to intimate partner violence, including perpetrators programmes, and a sociological examination of homicide. She has been involved in feminist activism and networks of various kinds, in academic and other communities.